The means Jesus used at his birth in the Manger, at Nazareth and on the Cross are these: poverty, utter lowliness, humiliation, rejection, persecution, suffering, the cross. These are our arms, the ones used by our divine Bridegroom, who asks us to let him continue his life in us. Let us follow him as our sole model and we are sure to do much good, for in that case it will not be we who live but he who lives in us. Our acts will no longer be our own, human and frail, but his divinely efficacious acts.
Blessed Charles de Foucauld (1858–1916)
It pleased God to make it easy for us to be saved. He didn’t attach salvation to knowledge or intelligence or wealth, nor to long experience or rare gifts that are not given to all. He attached it to something within the reach of everyone, absolutely everyone. Jesus attaches salvation to humility, to the act of making yourself little. That is all it takes to win heaven.
Blessed Charles de Foucauld (1858–1916)
A desert drought! And all are sick;
The animals are dried up, too.
And Brother Charles lies on his bed
Without the food to make it through.
Before today he often thought
Of what to bring to those he met
When travelling, when staying still;
He thought of give, not get. And yet
Today it changes, just a tad.
Charles would have died, but friends, they come
With milk in hand, to bring him back
To life, to love, to live with them.
To give, receive: all can be love.
The message, if there’s one today:
To live, exchange, and know in each
The values hidden in the clay.
Have you ever noticed?
Everyone and their dog – if, for some reason, they talk to animals like Saint Francis and Saint Anthony – talks about Saint Teresa as is she’s their aunt. Probably older sister on the mother’s side: in Thai we’d say ป้า (bpa). What people say just have that feel to it.
With the Carmelite saints, this isn’t surprising. So Blessed Elizabeth of the Trinity talks, a bit cheekily and amusingly, about aunt Teresa going into ecstasy while in the kitchen: no surprise there.
But it goes beyond Carmel. Saint Francis de Sales loves to talk about her as someone well known to him. Saint Alphonsus – no doubt about it! – talks as if Teresa is this big aunt, watchful, considerate, compassionate, wise, but adventurous, who will watch over his whole life; his view of her permeates too many of his writings to name. Later, Blessed Charles de Foucauld went back to her writings, saying very little about them but knowing something about a special relationship to her.
It’s like Saint Teresa’s place in heaven is to be a busy and carefree, but wise, aunt to anyone with an eye for the contemplative life. Have you every noticed?
Thank you, Brother Charles, for being kind and gentle enough to get into my hard heart; it’s a bit unclear how anyone else could have do so.
Thank you, Brother Charles, for showing me that contemplation of Jesus in our neighbours is such a good.
Thank you, Brother Charles, for your silence. You see to stand like Saint Joseph: silent, watchful, gentle, active and contemplative at once.
Thank you, Brother Charles, for teaching me from my very first days of conversion to love the Eucharistic Presence and to long to receive Communion through those two years I had to wait to be received into the Church.
Thank you, Brother Charles, for assuring me that contemplation and social justice weren’t in any way opposed but actually strengthened one another.
Thank you, Brother Charles, for taking me by the hand, despite all the things I’ve done.
It’s your feast day. Thank you.
This book was recommended to me by a reader: Prayer by Hans Urs von Balthasar. I probably wouldn’t have had any interest if it hadn’t been explicitly pointed out to me that the title in French is Contemplative Prayer. OK, that is a much more interesting book!
This book exists, as von Balthasar himself notes, as a kind of summary of his most important thoughts and ideas and focus. The thrust of the book is this:
- Contemplation is necessary to each and every Christian journey.
- Contemplation is possible because God is the Word and speaks. We listen. We must become silent and deep enough to listen.
- What are the links between this contemplative, innermost listening and the listening in the Liturgy? in Scripture? in the mediative presence of the Church?
- What does contemplation show us? There is the humanity of Jesus; there is the blessed Trinitarian life in all its silence and in all its speaking.
- What tensions or seeming-contraries-in-tension exist in a contemplative act and in a contemplative life? For example, dogma and prayer feed off one another.
I found the book very good for anyone who, though with a background of some sort in theology, wants a simple theology related to prayer and contemplation. It is, in my opinion, much easier to read than the other books I’ve tried by Hans Urs von Balthasar.
Here are three very good quotes from the book:
The simple thing is the greatest thing… As for the will of the “Father in heaven”, it is always clear and transparent, simple and intelligible to the simple heart… It is the will of all those in heaven who share his will, all who, together, enter into the Father’s loving will in all its concrete dimensions… People are only rarely aware of this when they pray. Unless they are rare mystics who actually encounter heaven’s inhabitants – angels, saints, the Mother of the Lord, or the Son himself – they are inclined to act as if they were encountering God in a solitude which is total on both sides, God’s and theirs; as if they were alone in approaching God, alone in trying to come to grips with his word and law. This is wrong in both respects.
This is something the Christian contemplative must be aware of… His life is a service, λειτουργία, of the gracious God, lived out in full personal responsibility, but also as part of the entire company of the saints, which gives his service value in God’s sight.
The fact that I, at this far-off spot in history, can be inserted into the reality of Christ by contemplation and discipleship, is something I owe to the reality of the Church.
Another thing that struck me is the place Father von Balthasar contrasts the wisdom of “sages” and the wisdom of Christian saints (the passage I quote is long but very illuminating):
The Christian never takes the form of a “sage”, that unmistakable man met with in all systems of philosophy whose lofty enlightenment arouses our admiration (and in time gets on our nerves). It may be part of a Christian’s mission to know and say many things about God and divine matters. But most of them, including the genuine contemplatives, the saints, are most and reticent in their knowledge. When they are commissioned to say something to someone, it is as though the words simply come to them from afar, as if they themselves are not totally responsible for the significance and the effect of what they say. Therein lies the simplicity of discipleship: the “surplus” fruit of contemplation is removed right at the outset and put at the disposal of God and the communion of saints. The “sage” has a kind of panoramic view, a kind of spiritual equipoise in the midst of all his actual and possible insights; the like is never available to the Christian because his wisdom lies in God far more than in himself. Somehow or other his head is in heaven, where he lives hidden with Christ, whereas his earthly self, dying daily and rising to new life, treads the path of discipleship and is “salted with fire” (Mk 9:49).
This is an historical comment which I’ve made before, in my own way, and was glad to see appear here (it gives confidence):
This doctrine of the contemplation of heaven can easily be purged of certain Platonic accretions found in the Fathers and redirected along the clear, simple lines dictated by the realism of the Gospel… The Platonic error lies less in the exaggerated emphasis on contemplation as the vision of eternal Ideas than in the underestimating and despising of activity, of earthly work, which seemed beneath the dignity of the educated Greek. At this point Christianity has reversed the values by reference to the humble form of the carpenter’s son…
But for all the talk of the Church of Heaven (which I appreciate very much!) there is also focus on the Humanity of Jesus; for example:
True holiness in the Church, with its influence on history, has always been connected with the straightforward endeavour to take the humanity of Christ seriously, and all the kitsch to be found in Christian life and Christian art arises from the failure to take it seriously.
Here is an intriguing one:
Compared with former times, the contemplative life of today’s Church often manifests a greater fullness of Christianity’s ecclesiological and soteriological aspects.
An intriguing comment! Given that the parable of the sheep and goats comes from a parable about the end of the world (Mt 25) and that this is the place that one most easily goes to support the contemplative idea of seeing Jesus in our neighbours, I think that’s an interesting remark. It would be hard to deny that this aspect of “seeing Jesus in others” was often on the sidelines until a Charles de Foucauld and a Jacques Maritain. But now it is much more “front and centre”. That is one example of Hans Urs von Balthasar being right in this quote.
This quote –
Contemplative prayer has a radiation of its own in ways the person involved does not know (and will not know while on earth).
– reminds me of Marie-Joseph Le Guillou‘s work regarding the Transfiguration of the human body by the Spirit and the emphasis of Jacques and Raïssa Maritain on the secretness of contemplation, its diffusive effects, and our poor eyes.
In general, I came away from the book much better and much clearer in my head and in my heart. However, there are few passages in which I found a choice of words unusual. For example:
No mystic in the tradition of negative theology has undergone more profoundly than [Christ] the “dark night of the senses and the soul” which signals the entrance into the absolute…
This is a bit confusing. For Saint John of the Cross’ poem and for his explanations in the Dark Night and the Ascent of Mount Carmel, the “dark night” as described is specifically intended to purge beginners of certain sins and ways of acting, and progressives in the spiritual life of their own bent in sin and imperfections. All of which doesn’t apply to Jesus. In his humanity, Jesus could, of course, enter more deeply into the absolute who is the Divinity. But I think this is a very different sense from that in which the “dark night” is typically used and is faithfully used, given the lengths at which John of the Cross insists on the dark night being “necessary” because of sins and imperfections in us. This is just a question of words. No doubt. But it could be clearer.
This book is much more and much greater and much deeper than the few quotes given here. It is a wide and deep plan of contemplative prayer for all. As mentioned above, I recommend it as a work on prayer for people with a theological background or inclination.
I’m pretty sure this blog is a smorgasbord of contemplative life in the Church. So I checked: here are some of the major influences, by Congregation (or other):
- Benedictine: Bernard of Clairvaux, Hildegard of Bingen, Raïssa Maritain (oblate)
- Carmelite: Teresa of Jesus, John of the Cross, Thérèse of the Child Jesus and the Holy Face, Elizabeth of the Trinity, Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
- Dominican: Thomas Aquinas, Catherine of Siena (tertiary), Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, Marie-Joseph Le Guillou
- Jesuit: Louis Lallemant
- Little Brothers and Little Sisters of Jesus: Magdeleine Hutin, René Voillaume, Jacques Maritain
- Redemptorist: Alphonsus Liguori, Clement Hofbauer, Marcel Văn
- Visitandine: Francis de Sales (co-founder), Jane Frances de Chantal
- Other: John of Ávila, Charles de Foucauld, Charles Journet, Aron Lustiger
Of course I have my own leanings. Everything here gets filtered through me. That’s just natural. But… I think I try. ^^
What can I do to help my neighbours? What tasks can I perform? What is it that God wants me to do? What should I be praying about? How much time can I spend praying? When should I change prayer intentions?
If we care about our neighbours, we’ve all had days like this. It is not an entirely bad thing. It’s not entirely bad; but it is far from perfect. The reality is that, if we have time and mental power to be agonizing over things like this, then we still are not suffering and totally abandoned to Jesus in that part of our life; we are still in control. It isn’t all bad. But it isn’t all good, either.
I can hardly imagine a saint who agonized over the next thing to do more than Blessed Charles de Foucauld did. Yet, in a more mature letter, Brother Charles wrote,
It is when we are reduced to nothing that we have the most powerful means of uniting ourselves to Jesus and of doing good for souls. It is what Saint John of the Cross repeats at nearly every line. When we are able to suffer and love, we are doing a great deal, the most that someone can do in this world.
One clear application of this to Brother Charles’ own life is his agonizing and anxiety over what to do next. It is a bit of suffering to agonize. It is more suffering to not even have the mental space and leisure in which to agonize…!
In other words, we have no clue where we’re most useful. None at all. We’re out of the loop. God knows. Only when we are annihilated, even in our own knowledge of our usefulness and extent and power and plans, do we do we become useful. The Cross is a powerful means of union with God and with our neighbours: the Cross carried into everything, everything about us.